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(pronounced EE-kaht)

This funny little term is a weaving technique (usually by hand) with silk or silk and cotton that is noted for its distinctive, blurry geometric designs – a result of tie-dying sections of individual yarn before the weaving process begins. The pattern can range from simple little dots to intricate double ikats, which occurs when both the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving. The technique originated in India and traveled to Persia and Central Asia. In the modern world, look for both new interpretations and traditional representations on pillows, napkins, placemats, tablecloths, rugs, tapestries, clothing, and accessories.